The Gerund Grammatica

A gerund is a verbal noun, just as a gerundive is a verbal adjective. Both are formed from verbs but are used as either a noun (gerund) or an adjective (gerundive).

Forming the gerundive:
The present active infinitive base is the stem plus- ndus, nda, ndum. The gerundive is then a 1st and 2nd declension adjective. e.g. agendus, agenda, agendum = to be done

Forming the gerund:
The gerund is formed much the same way... use the same base: ambula... , doce..., duce...., capie.....+ nd + case endings. All gerunds are considered neuter nouns and there is NO nominative case and NO plural form.

e.g. ambulandi genitive of walking
  ambulando dative to walking
  ambulandum accusative walking
  ambulando ablative.. by walking

Use of the gerund :

Exercises:    Answers on following page...

  1. For the purpose of preparing
  2. the hope of leaving
  3. We must leave
  4. for the sake of defending
  5. desirous of running
  1. for the purpose of fighting
  2. By fighting, he convinced...
  3. The art of speaking is not lost
  4. for the sake of sailing quickly
  5. By running, he will get there first

 

Answers to Gerund practice exercises :

  1. ad parandum
  2. spes relinquendi
  3. Id relinquendum nostris est.
  4. Causa defendendi
  5. cupidus currendi
  6. ad pugnandi
  7. pugnando abl. of means
  8. "ars loquendi" non amittitur
  9. gratia navigandi celeriter
  10. Currendo, primo illuc perveniet
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