Legal Latin Mores

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Heracles meets the law

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E. Heracles Meets the Law-
Select from the word bank the correct Latin legal term to fit each of the following.

  1. Heracles and Iphicles were having a disagreement over gladiators when suddenly Heracles grabbed Iphicles' stylus to prove a point. In the course of doing so, however, the pencil snapped in two. Iphicles, who was mad at his brother, tried to take him to court, but his lawyer advised him that ______.
  2. Minos was a very rich king, but he was also quite stingy. After Heracles made away with the Cretan bull, he decided to sue Eurystheus for damages. Eurystheus laughed at him and said, "I've never even been to Crete. Why are you suing me?" "Because," replied Minos,"you did order Heracles to come and ______."
  3. When one of Geryon's relatives arrived at his home in the River Ocean, he was surprised to find no one at home -- not Geryon nor his shepherd or even Orthus, the two-headed dog. When he looked into the pasture, even the cattle were missing. Immediately he reported foul play to the vigiles (police), but they said they could do nothing until there was evidence of some crime. they said it was a matter of ______.
  4. Artemis was not a goddess to mess around with. She was know for her vengeful spirit and her bad temper, especially when it came to her animals. Indeed, Heracles was most fortunate that she did not immediately turn him into a toad or slug or worm when she caught him wounding her stag______.
  5. The court case on Mt. Olympus was most disturbing. Evidence on both sides -- for and against Heracles-- had been piling up. Finally, however, the jury decided that he was innocent of killing the beautiful Hippolyta. Hera was outraged at this verdict and said she had more evidence about the matter, but Zeus looked wisely down from the bench and informed her that______.
  6. The SPCA was on Heracles' case. They were outraged at his disrespect for animal life. In fact, they even decided to get the Grecian courts to pass a new law making the use of musical instruments around nesting birds a crime. When one of their representatives tried to arrest Heracles, he told them that while the law itself might be quite good, he was immune from it since it had been passed______.
  7. Heracles was on his way to locate the Garden of the Hesperides when he met a stranger on the road who said he had just the thing. From his cloak, the stranger produced three golden apples that gleamed brightly in the sun. Heracles, he said, could purchase them for only 50 pieces of gold. Heracles thought about it for a moment and then remembered______and declined the apples before proceeding on.
  8. "I can keep my stables any way I wish!" yelled Augeus at the neighborhood representative who had come to complain about the stench. "If you don't like the smell of my property, then just stay off of it!" The representative did not argue because he knew that the courts would make Augeus eventually clean his stable because______.
  9. "But, Pythis," complained Heracles, "I didn't really plan to kill my wife and children. I really loved them. I don't know what came over me. I was as if some evil divinity had entered my brain and taken possession. I was most certainly______"
  10. Everyone was quite surprised at Heracles' victory over the Erymanthian boar. They admitted that they never thought it could be captured alive. Heracles told them how he had gone out each day to observe the creature and take notes about its habits. He said that the reason he was successful was that he knew the boar's______.
  11. "A thousand gold piece fine!" exclaimed Heracles. "I have just been given a fine for hunting lions out of season! Why, I didn't even know that one needed a permit to hunt lions at any time." The judge shook his head and replied, "_____."
  12. Hades looked at Heracles closely. He knew that he ought to be as accommodating as he could to him, but he loved his three-headed Cerberus. he had raised him since he was a puppy. Finally, he did agree to allow Heracles to borrow Cerberus for a while, but he warned Heracles that he was counting on his nephew to be acting______.
  13. Iphicles was standing next to Heracles in class that day while Heracles was being criticized by Linus for not having practiced his lyre. Iphicles saw the muscles in Heracles' neck tense, and he saw Heracles begin to reach for the lyre. He knew what was to come, but he did nothing. When he complained about being expelled with his half-brother, the superintendent looked sternly at him and said,"______."
  14. Eurystheus was sure that Heracles had cheated. He knew that no one could cut off all of the Hydra's regenerating heads. Heracles himself wasn't talking: And that was the situation when they went before the judge. Just as it looked as if Heracles would with the labor, Iolaus appeared in the courtroom to tell what he knew. When the judge asked who had called him, he said no one, but that he was______.
  15. "What!" exclaimed Heracles. "I am the son of Zeus, and I am the strongest mortal alive. Who are you to think that you can arrest me for such a small offense against Diomedes. Why he was a nothing!" But, the arresting officer shook his head and reminded Heracles that although he had good connections, ______.

Word Bank

  1. amicus curiae
  2. bona fide
  3. caveat emptor
  4. de iure / de facto
  5. de minimis non curat lex
  6. ex post facto
  7. exceptio probat legem
  8. habeas corpus
  9. ignorantia legis neminem excusat
  10. in flagrante
  1. modus operandi
  2. nemo est supra leges
  3. nemo debet bis vexari pro una et eadem
  4. nolo contendere
  5. non compos mentis
  6. onus probandi
  7. pro tempore
  8. publicum bonum privato est praeferendum
  9. qui facit per alium facit per se
  10. qui tacet consentire videtur

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