Grammar in General Grammatica

Review Sections:

Adverbs - Latin II Year In Review

Instructions: Peruse the reference sections below, then take the adverb review activity (ungraded).

Adverbs - Reference A

Adverbs usually modify verbs, hence the name. However, they may also modify adjectives or other adverbs:

Celeriter currit He runs swiftly (modifies verb)
Nimis gravis est He is too serious (modifies adjective)
Nunc quoque di laudantur Now also the gods are praised (modifies adverb)

Adverbs are indeclinable; they will not change except in degrees (i.e positive, comparitive and superlative). There are adverbs of:

Type Latin English
Time cras, ubi, diu, nocte tomorrow, when, for a long time, at night
Place ibi, ubi, huc, usquam there, where, to this place, anywhere
Manner quam, cur, sic, itaque, igitur how, why, so/in this way, therefore/and so, therefore

First and second declension adjectives can become adverbs by adding -e to the stem.

Adjective Stem Adverb
clarus clar- clare
pulcher pulchr- pulchre
miser miser- misere

Third declension adjectives add -iter to the stem (or -er if the stem ends in -nt)

N.B. iter also is the Latin word for "journey", so you send the 3rd declension adjective on a "journey"!

Adjective Stem Adverb
levis lev- leviter
diligens diligent- diligenter

Nota Bene! Some adjectives irregular adverbial forms, such as Bonus and magnus: bene (well), magnopere (greatly)


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