Adverbs usually modify verbs, hence the name. However, they may also modify adjectives or other adverbs:
|Celeriter currit||He runs swiftly||(modifies verb)|
|Nimis gravis est||He is too serious||(modifies adjective)|
|Nunc quoque di laudantur||Now also the gods are praised||(modifies adverb)|
Adverbs are indeclinable; they will not change except in degrees (i.e positive, comparitive and superlative). There are adverbs of:
|Time||cras, ubi, diu, nocte||tomorrow, when, for a long time, at night|
|Place||ibi, ubi, huc, usquam||there, where, to this place, anywhere|
|Manner||quam, cur, sic, itaque, igitur||how, why, so/in this way, therefore/and so, therefore|
First and second declension adjectives can become adverbs by adding -e to the stem.
Third declension adjectives add -iter to the stem (or -er if the stem ends in -nt)
N.B. iter also is the Latin word for "journey", so you send the 3rd declension adjective on a "journey"!
Nota Bene! Some adjectives irregular adverbial forms, such as Bonus and magnus: bene (well), magnopere (greatly)
|Copyright © 2016, KET|